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Pushkar Temples, Pushkar Camel Fair, Pushkar Temple Timings, Brahma Temple Pushkar, Pushkar Temple Rajasthan

Pushkar Temples, Pushkar Camel Fair, Pushkar Temple Timings, Brahma Temple Pushkar, Pushkar Temple Rajasthan

Jal Teerths - Pushkar - Introduction

Introduction

Image: 
Introduction: 
   
Purity, simplicity, and whiteness are the identity of holy Pushkar. Situated 11 km from Ajmer in Rajasthan, it is a place famous as a Jal teerth as well as a Mandir teerth.
    
Brahma has given the title of Teerthguru to Pushkar. It is believed that the pilgrimage to all the four dhams is complete and gives salvation only if Pushkar is also visited.
    
This place is known for the Pushkar Lake and the famous Brahma Temple.
    
The world renowned cattle fair held in the Kartik month (October-November) presents a beautiful image of Rajasthani culture.
    
Today, it is becoming the most important of tourist destinations in India, attracting foreign tourists in large numbers.
 

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Mythological Beliefs

Mythological Beliefs: 
   
According to the Padma Puran, Brahma was in search of a suitable place for performing a yagna after creating the world. On being asked, Vishnu threw a lotus flower on earth. A lake sprang up at the place where the flower fell and was also chosen as the location for Brahma’s yagna.
    
 According to Pushkar Mahatmya, Brahma wanted to perform the yagna at the most auspicious time, but his wife Savitri, whose presence at the yagna was vital for its performance, kept him waiting. Therefore, Brahma married a local girl Gayatri and completed the yagna. Savitri reached the yagna spot and on seeing someone else in her place, was furious and cursed Brahma that he will not be worshipped anywhere else. She herself started living on a mountain at a distance.
    
According to another belief, Brahma killed a demon called Brajnabh with his lotus flower. Three petals of this flower fell and created three pushkars (lakes).
   
The three pushkars here are dedicated to the three Gods (Tridev). The largest to Brahma, the medium one to Vishnu and the smallest to Rudra.
   
The Van-Parv of Mahabharat states that even one bath here entitles a human being to Brahmlok.
   
According to Ramayan, Lord Ram’s guru, Vishwamitra also performed meditation here.
   
Vaman Puran suggests that Bhakt Prahlad too visited the holy Pushkar during his pilgrimage tour.
 

Historical Facts

History: 
   
Besides the Puranas, Ramayan and Mahabharat, the sacredness and significance of Pushkar finds a mention in the book Fa-ko-ki written by Chinese traveller Fa-Hien, who visited India during the time of Chandragupt Maurya.
   
In the 7th century, the Pratihar king, Nahadarwa renovated the lake and built many ghats. He also built many dharmshalas for pilgrims to stay.
   
Renowned Chauhan king Arnoraj built the Varah temple in the 12th century, which was destroyed after Ghori’s victory.
   
The second battle of Tarain in 1192 A.D. marked the beginning of Muslim rule in the region. It was after this, that Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti made his shrine (khankah) in neighbouring Ajmer.
   
After 1562 A.D., Mughal rule was established in the region. Mansingh, one of Akbar’s navratnas (nine jewels) constructed many buildings over here.
   
During Aurangzeb’s reign (1658-1707), the process of destruction and demolition in the region was restarted. After 1727 A.D., a number of constructions were carried out once again by Sawai Jai Singh.
   
The present Brahma Temple was built in 1809 A.D. with the efforts by Gokulchandra Parikh.
   
After the third Anglo-Maratha battle in 1818 A.D., Scindia handed over the region to the British. This part of Rajasthan was under direct governance by the British.
 

Main Places To See

Main Places To See: 
   
 
There are over 500 places of worship of varying sizes, prominent among them being:
Jagatpita Brahma Temple:
 
Situated on the edges of the Pushkar Lake, it is the key attraction in Pushkar. This 4th century temple has the idol of 4-faced Brahma with Gayatri. An idol of a swan, the vehicle of Brahma, can be seen outside the temple. The top and the dome of this marble temple are orange in colour.
    
Varah Temple:
 
Dedicated to the Varah incarnation of Lord Vishnu, this temple was built by Arnoraj in the 12th century but was repeatedly destroyed and recreated. The last time it was reconstructed was by Sawai Jai Singh. The temple has a statue of Lord Varah. The sculpture of the temple is very admirable.
    
Pushkar Lake:
 
It is believed that the lake was created at the same time as the creation of the world and is as sacred as Mansarovar. There are 53 ghats and hundreds of temples around it. The view of the lake is splendid at the time of Sandhya deepdaan during Pushkar mela.
    
Savitri Temple:
 
The temple of Savitri, Brahma’s first wife is situated on Ratnagiri Mountain. It was built in 1687 A.D. One can get a fabulous aerial view of the Pushkar Lake and the city from here.
   
Old Rangaji Temple:
 
Built in 1844 A.D. and dedicated to Lord Rangnathji, this temple displays a beautiful combination of Dravidian and Rajasthani styles of architecture.
   
Naga Mountains:
 
Chyavan, the son of Brahma lived after being cursed by a sage. This mountain separates Ajmer from Pushkar.
   
Apteshwar Temple:
 
It is an ancient Shiv Temple where the Shivling is located beneath the Garbhagrih (sanctum sanctorum, the innermost chamber).
 

Main Festivals

Main Festivals: 
   
Pushkar Mela:
 
It is celebrated during the last eight days of Kartik month (October/November). On this occasion is seen an amazing confluence of religion, culture and commerce. It is believed that 330 million Gods reside in Pushkar on Kartik Poornima. The cattle fair organised here has the distinction of being the largest camel fair in the world. Tourists from Rajasthan as well as abroad visit during this time.
   
Teej festival:
 
It is celebrated on Shravan Shukla Tritiya (July/August) by married women and unmarried girls in the honour of Parvati. It is on this day that Parvati is believed to have gone to her in-laws house on Kailash Mountain.
   
Gan-Gaur:
 
Dedicated to Shiv (Gan) and Parvati (Gauri), it is the biggest festival in Rajasthan. It is considered an ideal time for all auspicious events including marriages. It is celebrated in Chaitra month (March/April).
   
Mahashivratri:
 
It is celebrated with great zeal in Pushkar as well. The key attraction on this day is in Apteshwar Temple.
   
Diwali:
 
Eight days before the Pushkar mela, on Kartik Amavasya, the festival of Diwali is celebrated. On this occasion, the Brahma temple and the ghats are specially decorated.
 

Where To Stay

Where To Stay : 
   
Dharamshalas
 
 Kamthiwalon ki Dharmshala  Varah Ghat (Pushkar)
 Beriwalon ki Dharmshala  Varah Ghat (Pushkar)
 Tikamchand Soni Dharmshala  Station (Ajmer)
 Ummed-Abhay Dharmshala  Station (Ajmer)
   
Hotels:
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Aroma Hotel
 Address
 Near Brahma Chowk, Pushkar, Dist. Ajmer (Rajasthan)
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2772729
 Fax  +91 - 145 - 2772244
   
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Hotel Sarovar
 Address
 Near Pushkar Ghat, Pushkar, Rajasthan - 305 022
   
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Alka Guest House
 Address
 Brahma Chowk, Baadi Basti, Pushkar - 305 022
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2773082
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Bharatpur Palace
 Address
 Yagna Ghat, Pushkar, Dist. Ajmer, Rajasthan
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2772320
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 New Park Hotel
 Address
 Panchkund Road, Pushkar Ajmer, Rajasthan - 305 022
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2772464
 Web Site  www.newparkpushkar.com
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Royal Inn Hotel
 Address
 Near Gurudwara, Ajmer Road, Pushkar, Dist. Ajmer, Rajasthan
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2773991
 Fax  +91 - 145 - 2772992
 Web Site  www.hotelroyalinn.com
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 Pushkar Resort
 Address
 Village Ganehra, Motisar Road, Pushkar, Rajasthan - 305 022
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2772017
 Web Site  www.pushkarresorts.com
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 Pushkar Palace
 Address
 Chhoti Basti, Pushkar, Rajasthan - 305 022
 Telephone
 +91 - 145 - 2772001
 Fax  +91 - 145 - 2772226
 Web Site  www.hotelpushkarpalace.com
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 Green Park Resort
 Address
 Vamdev Road, Pushkar, Near Gurudwara, Pushkar,
 Dist. Ajmer, Rajasthan
 Telephone  +91 - 145 - 2773532
 Web Site  www.greenparkresort.in
 

Location/Climate

Location/Climate: 
 
Location
 
 Geographical  Location  Height  Above  Sea Level  Average Annual Rainfall
 Latitude  Longitude  486 metres  90 mm
 26.5˚ N  74.5˚ E
   
 
Temperature

Temperature is given in degrees Celsius.

 
 Month  Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun   Jul  Aug  Sep   Oct   Nov    Dec
 Maximum 
 22
 25
 30 
36
40
40
 35 
 34 
35
35
30
 25 
 Minimum
 9
 12 
 16 
22
26
28
26
25
24
20
15
10
   
 
Important Informations
Pushkar is situated in the midst of the Aravali mountain range. The Saraswati River originates from here which, after meeting the Sabarmati is called the Luni River.
The maximum temperature during summers is 45 degrees Centigrade and minimum, 25 degrees Centigrade. The maximum and minimum temperature during winters is 22 and 8 degrees Centigrade respectively.
 

General Information

General Information: 
 
 STD Code
 0145
 Puja Timings  6.00 a.m. - 1.30 p.m., 3.00 p.m. - 10.00 p.m.
 Police Assistance
 100
 Ambulance  102
 Hospital  Ajmer Hospital
 Civil Lines
 Tel: +91 - 2622907, 2628004
 Currency  Exchange    Dena Bank, Agra Gate, Ajmer, Rajasthan - 305 022
 Tel: +91 - 145 - 2431030
 State Bank of India, P. R. Marg, Ajmer,
 Rajasthan - 305 601
 Tel: +91 - 145 - 2431383
 ATM Centre  HDFC Bank, A M C No. 13 / 10 and 14 / 10, Near  Information Centre, Swami Complex, Ajmer - 305 001
 ICICI Bank, Shop No. 51, Mehta Building, Near Main  Adarsh Gate, Adarsh Nagar, Ajmer - 305 001
 SBI, BPCL - Nasirabad Road, Ajmer, Rajasthan
 Post Office
 Head Post Office, Madanganj, Ajmer Taluka,
 Dist. Ajmer
 Tel: +91 - 145 - 2431656
 Tourist Office
 Tel: +91 - 145 - 2627426
 Shopping
 Tourists can buy different types of bangles, leather   shoes, embroidered products and clothes, lac   bangles,   wooden toys etc. These can be bought from   Sarafa   Nagar  or Kedalganj Bazar. Art lovers can shop   from   Sarveshwar Kala Mandir.
   
 
Food
During the mela in Pushkar, generally vegetarian food is available. A few important restaurants are, Sunset Café (to the east of Pushkar Lake), Sun and Moon (for Italian food)
 

Travel Planner

Address (Click on "A" to locate): 
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PDF File: 
Airports in the vicinity: 
Udaipur
Ajmer
Jaipur
Jodhpur
Kota
Railway: 
 Main Railway Stations  Station Code
 Abu Road  ABR
 Udaipur City  UDZ
 Chittaurgarh  COR
 Jodhpur  JU
 Jaipur  JP
 Ajmer  AII
Road Distance from Destinations: 
 Ek Lings Ji  Udaipur  20 km
 Ahemadabad  270 km
 Nathwdar  20 km
 Chittaugarh  58 km
 Ajmer  197 km
 Nathdwar

 

 Udaipur  42 km
 Ahemadabad  292 km
 Jodhpur  207 km
 Chittaugarh  97 km
 Ajmer  209 km
 Pushkar  Jaipur  151 km
 Bikaner  249 km
 Ajmer  11 km
 Udaipur  263 km
 Jodhpur  176 km