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Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Baidyanath Dham Jharkahand, Baidyanath Temple Deoghar, Baidyanath Dham Travel guide, Introduction Baidyanath Dham

Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, Baidyanath Dham Jharkahand, Baidyanath Temple Deoghar, Baidyanath Dham Travel guide, Introduction Baidyanath Dham

Dwadash Jyotirlings - Baidyanath(Deoghar) - Introduction

Introduction

Image: 
Introduction: 
   
Baidyanath-dham, popularly known as Deoghar, is in the state of Jharkhand, 8 km from Jasidih junction on the Howrah-Delhi rail route.
    
It has been referred to by various names like Harda Peeth, Ravan-Van, Haritki-Van, and Ketaki-Van in different ancient sources.
    
According to the Shakt following, the place where the heart of Bhagwati Sati had fallen is considered as the Mahashakti peeth.
    
The natural infrastructure and climate of Baidyanath is healthy. Therefore, a large number of tourists visit this place also for health reasons.
   
This Jyotirling (Shiv’s idol) here is in the form of a Vaidya (doctor). He is supposed to relieve the devotees of their dreadful diseases.
 

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Mythological Beliefs

Mythological Beliefs: 
   
Various Puranas describe this Jyotirling as one that fulfills all wishes of
humans - spiritual as well as material. Hence, it is also called the Kaamna Ling.
    
 Local folklore state that the name Baijnath has been derived from the first pujari of this Jyotirling who was a cowherd called Baiju.
    
According to a story about the establishment of the Jyotirling illustrated in various Puranas, in the Treta Yug, Ravan wanted to take Shiv to Lanka. Pleased with his devotion, Shiv gave him a Jyotirling. Ravan could not take it to Lanka and had to establish it on the way.
   
According to Devi Puran, this is where the heart of Bhagwati Sati had fallen and therefore, the place came to be known as Harda Peeth.
    
Many scholars associate this Shivling with the Rudra mentioned in Rigved, which is considered as the God of illnesses.
   
Matsya Puran refers to it as Aarogya Baidyanath, where Shiv relieves people of their sicknesses.
 

Historical Facts

History: 
   
Various Puranas describe this Jyotirling as one that fulfills all wishes of
humans - spiritual as well as material. Hence, it is also called the Kaamna Ling.
    
 Local folklore state that the name Baijnath has been derived from the first pujari of this Jyotirling who was a cowherd called Baiju.
    
According to a story about the establishment of the Jyotirling illustrated in various Puranas, in the Treta Yug, Ravan wanted to take Shiv to Lanka. Pleased with his devotion, Shiv gave him a Jyotirling. Ravan could not take it to Lanka and had to establish it on the way.
   
According to Devi Puran, this is where the heart of Bhagwati Sati had fallen and therefore, the place came to be known as Harda Peeth.
    
Many scholars associate this Shivling with the Rudra mentioned in Rigved, which is considered as the God of illnesses.
   
Matsya Puran refers to it as Aarogya Baidyanath, where Shiv relieves people of their sicknesses.
 

Main Places To See

Main Places To See: 
   
Baidyanath Temple:
 
The renowned Jyotirling is situated here. This temple is in the middle of a large complex which has a total of 22 temples and a Chandrakoop (a well). The main temple was built by Puran-mal. At the gate of this east-facing temple is a huge idol of Nandi, and a Parvati temple in front of it.
    
Shiv Ganga:
 
Situated near the temple, it is a big lake built by Akbar’s General, Mansingh. However, the belief is that the lake was formed by the impact of Ravan’s foot.
    
Ramkrishna Mission Vidyapeeth:
 
Established in 1922, it is a prime centre of education based on the ideology of Vivekanand.
    
Tapovan:
 
Situated 9 km from Deoghar on a mountain, this place is believed to be Maharshi Valmiki’s devotion ground. It was the military camp during the Pal era.
    
Trikoot:
 
Situated 15 km from Deoghar and adorned with natural beauty, this place is considered as a devotional ground of many sages. It also has the Trikoot Shiv temple.
   
Vasukinath:
 
It is believed that it was here that the Gods released Vasuki Nag after the churning of the ocean. There is also a granite idol of Lord Krishna. The local Pandits consider this place as the Nageshwar Jyotirling.
   
Mandar Parvat:
 
According to Skand Puran and other Puranas, this was the mountain used for churning the ocean. It is located 70 km from Deoghar.
 

Main Festivals

Main Festivals: 
   
Shravan Mela:
 
It is the biggest celebration in Baidyanath dham. On this occasion, the city is echoed with shouts of Bol Bam, chanted by devotees clad in red and yellow. These devotees bring the waters of Ganga from a site situated 105 km from Ajgaibinath (Sultanganj) and offer it to the Jyotirling.
   
Mahashivratri:
 
Celebrated in the month of Magh, it is the biggest festival. On this occasion, the entire temple premises are lit up and special puja is performed during the night.
   
Makar Sankranti:
 
During this festival in the Magh month (14th January), devotees dip in Shiv Ganga and worship Shiv. The food on this occasion comprises of tilkoot, chuda, and curd.
   
Vasant Panchmi:
 
This is also celebrated in the Magh month. Worship and prayers offered to the Jyotirling on this day hold special significance.
   
Bhadra Poornima:
 
A huge fair is held with an objective of worshipping Shiv.
   
Navratri:
 
Baidyanath dham (Harda peeth) is also recognized as an important Shakti peeth and therefore, this festival is organised during the Ashwin and Chaitra months. Navdurga temple is a centre of attraction during these days.
 

Where To Stay

Where To Stay : 
   
Dharamshalas
 
 Hazarimal Dharmshala  Station
 Harikrishnadas Dharmshala  Shivganga
 Mukharam Laxminarayan  Mandir Gali
 Shankar Dharmshala  Chowk
 Ramchandra Goenka Dharmshala  Bada Bazar
   
Hotels:
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Hotel Baidyanath Vihar
 Address
 Subhash Chowk, Kastor Town
 Telephone
 +91 - 6432 - 222 804
   
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Hotel Mayur
 Address
 Station Road, Deoghar
 Telephone
 +91 - 6432 - 225 296
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Mayur Hotel
 Address
 Baidyanath Dham, Deoghar clock
 Telephone
 +91 - 6432 - 225 296
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Hotel Vijay
 Address
 Jalesar Road, 2nd clock tower
 Telephone
 +91 - 6432 - 222 298, 222 483
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 Hotel Yashoda
 Address
 Station Road
 Telephone
 +91 - 92348 03995
 

Location/Climate

Location/Climate: 
 
Location
 
 Geographical  Location  Height  Above  Sea Level  Average Annual Rainfall
 Latitude  Longitude  254 metres  1335 mm
 24.48˚ N  86.7˚ E
   
 
Temperature

Temperature is given in degrees Celsius.

 
 Month  Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sep  Oct   Nov    Dec
 Maximum 
25
29
34
38
38
35
32
32
32
31
29
26
 Minimum
12
15
20
24
26
26
26
26
25
23
18
13
   
 
Important Informations
The entire Baidyanath dham region is hilly and surrounded by dense forests, and mountains like Nandan and Trikoot. Yamunajor and Gharula Rivers flow here, the Mayurakshi River is also found at some distance.
The climate here is monsoon type where monsoon begins from the 2nd week of June and lasts till mid-September.
October to March is the ideal for touring Deoghar. However, most of the devotees and pilgrims visit during the Shravan month (July-August)
 

General Information

General Information: 
 
 STD Code
 06432
 Puja Timings  4.00 a.m. - 4.00 p.m. and 6.45 - 9.00 p.m.
 Police Assistance
 S.P. Deoghar, Tel: +91-6432-232733
 Ambulance/Hospital
 Sadar Hospital, Opp. Hotel Vijay, Deoghar
 Currency  Exchange
 UCO Bank
 S. B. Roy Road,
 Deoghar, Jharkhand – 814 112
 ATM Centre  HDFC Bank
 Assam S. S. Road, Near Tower Clock,
 Deoghar, Jharkhand
 SBI
 H/O, B. D. Gupta, OMG Road, Deoghar, Jharkhand
 Post Office
 Deoghar College Sub - Office, Deoghar Taluka,
 Pin - 814 113, Dist. Deoghar
 Tourist Office
 Jharkhand Government Tourist Office
 Hotel Nataraj Vihar Premises
 Near Old Meena Bazar, Deoghar
 Tel: +91 - 6432 - 222 804 / 422
 Shopping
 Bhagalpuri silk from Bada Bazar and Pedas from   Mandir   Gali can be purchased.
   
 
Food
The most popular food here is chuda-dahi which is available in all vegetarian hotels. Offerings as prasad are chuda, peda and mukundana.
 

Travel Planner

Address (Click on "A" to locate): 
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PDF File: 
Airports in the vicinity: 
- पटना
- रांची
- गया
- कोलकाता
Railway: 
 Main Railway Stations  Station Code
 Patna  PNBE
 Gaya  GAYA
 Ranchi  RNC
 Jasidih  JSME
 Bihar Sharif  BEHS
 Bhagalpur  BGP
 Kolkata  CP
Road Distance from Destinations: 
 Gaya  Patna  101 km
 Ranchi  189 km
 KolKata  494 km
 Bihar Sharif  72 km
 Rajgir

 

 Patna  105 km
 Ranchi  225 km
 Deoghar  167 km
 Bihar Sharif  67 km
 Deoghar  KolKata  349 km
 Patna  229 km
 Gaya  200 km
 Ranchi  264 km