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Bhavishya Purana

Bhavishya Purana

Bhavishya Purana

Introduction

Introduction: 
   

It commands 9th postion in the successive order of Puranas, but of is considered on one of the oldest amfong all Puranas. In Matasya purana, Vayupuran, Brahma puran and Aap stambh Sutra many fo its refferences have been taken. It also gives information about Sun worship, sacrifical, rituals, besides  panch Lakshan of Puranas.

    

Maharishi Vedvyas is credited for comjposition of this Purana which was recited by Lomharshan rishi and his son ugra-Shrawa Sauti to group of saints in Narmishuranaya. its subject matter differs so slighty that it seems that this purana has been ammanded and edited in many times.

    
The references of this purana are found in aapastambh Sutra which is considered a composition of 3rd century B.C. where as middle age king Jaichand, Akbar and Modern period characters like Nadirshah, Queen Victorias name has also been found on it. it tells that its primary form was made ready before 3rd century of Christ. A famous scholars of 11th century, At-baruni has also described about this Purana in his book Tahkikata-hind.
    

Bhavishya Purana is positioned under Royal Purana. it mentions many facts related to future so is its name Bhabishya purana. Traditionally it is mentioned under the class of Shaiva purana. Some excerpts of Manu Smiriti have also been included in this purana.

    
According to old facts of Bhabisya Purana, it has beenj divided into five parts (Parva). Presently its four parts is available only – (1) Braham Parva (2) madhyma Parva (3) Partisarg Parv (4) Uttar Parva. However the matters described in these parts do not belong to a particular period and it includes cultural changes proof which are unknown to other puranas.
    
The first part of this purana contains mentions of several festivals and hindu sacrifical rituals. it also includes description regarding rights and duties  of different varnas as told by manusmirti. Beside qualities and duties of an ideal comen has also been described in it. it includes worship methods for Brahama, Ganesh, Kastikaye etc. At that time probably Snake worship was also popular and finds mentioned in it.
    
In this very part, it is mentioned that a purohit was invited from Shaka dweep for worshiping sun god. In India Kushan and Shaka rular are given credit for starting sun-worship. Probably for this purohit were called from central asia were it was in vogue from earlier times. A branch of Brahamans is called Shakadeepi in modern times.
    
The second part of Bhavishya Purana, Madhyam purana could be considered as composition of Post Gupta period this contians mentions of sacrifical prayer which was popular that time. An exponent of Purana Ramchanra Hazra considers this part as appendix of Bhavisya Purana added after many years.
    

The most controversial part of this purana is Partisargparv. It has descriptions of the story of Adam and Eve, jaichand, Taimurlang. Akbar, nadirsah and even about English status Kilkatta town established in 1690 AD also binds mentioned in its. This Purana also have description of founder of Persian religion, Zerthrust which is regarded as son of sun.

    
Uttar parv of Bhabisya Purana is called Bhabhisyottar purana many scholars considered it an independent composition and put it in the series of up-puranas. Because Panch-lakshan of Puranas have not been mentioned in it. It has descriptions about several festival and celebrations and related stories, belief. It also throws light on different kind of donations.
    
This purana is historically and culturly very significant and it describes about successive charges of then politics religious and social condition. the list of old kings as well as future kings is also mentioned in it. Inspite of all hindu sacrifical rituals, worship methods, carta system, Varna system and there duties have also been described in detail. Scholars have strong diferences regarding its oldness.
    
Lord Brahama is the chief deity of this purana, but there are detailed information Lord Sjhiva family (Ganesh, Skand) etc. and about wrorship methods. Methods of sun worship and sacrifical prayers isolate it from other puranas.