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Shiva Purana

Shiva Purana

Shiva Purana

Introduction

Introduction: 
   

Shiv Puran is considered among most popular text of Hindu religion. In the traditional series of Puranas it commands fourth position. Although Vayu Puran is considered fourth among all puranas in few Puranas. This is dedicated to Lord Shiva and in this Lord Shiva has been considered as the Supreme god. On the basis of features it is considered as Puranas of Tamsi nature.

    

Lord Shiva himself is credited for bringing forward the Shiv Purana like other Puranas it is also written in communicative style. Maharishi Vyas have scripted it as a religious text and recited it to his disciple Lomharshan. Lomharshan recited it to Shaunak and other saint in Namisharaynaya.

    

Several appendix have been added in this purana which praise Lord Shiva’s glory. Middle period could be considerd as its period of composition but many of the scholars considered it to be written in 6-7 century.

    

According to Shiva Purana Lord Shiva had completed it in 1 Lakh Shlokas latter Maharishi Vyas compiled it in only 24000 Shlokas. There are several differences in different available edition of it. Traditionally of has seven Sanhitas however there are only six Sanhita of Bangla edition.

    
Vidheshwari Sanhita is called first Sanhita of this purana it is said that Lord Shiva had completed it in 1 Lakh Shlokas. The glory and pride of Lord Shiva has been described in detail in it.
    

The second Sanhita, Rudra Sanhita is more significant than the first one in many aspect however it contains only 8000 Shlokas. Its first Chapter informs that Rudra is another form of Shiva and lives on Kailash but in the and chapter it mentions about birth of Kamdeo and also the affaction of Lord Brahama for his own daughter Sandhya. As such Brahama curse Kamdeo.

    

In the 3 and 4 chapter of this sanhita there is description about birth of Rati (from the sweat of Daksha) and marriage between Kamdeo and Rati by Lord Brahama. Further more it says that Kamdeo forgotten the curse of Brahama. Sandhya on the other hand is involved in deep meditation for Lord Shiva and takes birth from yagya of Medha thithi as arundhati who latter gets married with Maharishi Vashita in the 8th chapter it has been mention that Vasant was born from Sigh of Brahama.

    
The effort has been made to deal about origin of universe in chapter 13 and 14. It has also been said that Daksha married with Askini inspired by Brahma and gave birth to 1000 children who were forwarded on the path of religion. Being angry of this, Daksha cursed narad for wandering from place to place always.
    

In this series it is also written that Daksha has 60 daughter out of which 10 were married with Dharama, 13 with Rishi Kashyap, 27 with moon and rest others were married wish another rishis. After the prayer of Daksha Adishakti took birth as Sati Daughter of Daksha who was married to Lord Shiva.

    
Rudra Sanhita also bears the refference of Ramawatar in Chapter 24 and 25 it has been said that Sati came of Lord Ram as Sita when he was reciding on Dandkarenaya but Ram recognised her on this relevance, it is said that it was Lord Shiva who had declared Lord Vishnu supreme of all gods.
    
In next chapters of it, there are stories about organisation of Yagya by Daksha, renouncing of body by sati birth of Birbhadra by Lord Shiva. It also mention about Nabdha Bhakti in the 38 chapter of Rudra Sanhita presently popular Mahamritunjay mantra is added.
    
The 3rd and 4th Sanhita of Shiva Puranas is Satrudra Sanhita and Kotirudra Sanhita, respectively. The Satru Sanhita is most significant because of descriptions about 12 Jyotirling of Lord Shiva in it Kotirudra Sanhita describe about Uplinga beside, it also contain 1008 names.
    
The fifth Sanhita is called umasanhita it had 8000 Shlokas also it also has discussion between Lord Krishna and upmanyu. It becomes clear also from it that Lord Krishna had visited Kailash. Two other Sanhita of Shivpurana are Kailash Sanhita and Vayviya sanhita.
    

Lord Shiva, different from other god, has been described as involved in family life. His wife is Parvati and have two sons Ganesha and Kartikeya. Shiv Purana mentions about different forms of Lord Shiva and his family who lives on Kailash.

    
This Purana is also explained philosphically. the elements of unity among difference is also seen in it beside it also put emphasis of meditation. The enemy of Shiva family are enemy of each other. Although they live together with complete peace and co-operation.
    
In ancient sources Shiva Purana has not been considered among Mahapuranas. Banbhatta while describing about puranas mentions Vayupurana on its place, who was a court poet of Harshvardhan inspite of it, is the most popular purana after Bhagwat purana among all purana.