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Swastika

Swastika

Swastika

Introduction

Introduction: 
   
‘SWASTIK” is the most important symbolic sign being used after the sign ‘ohm’ (ऊँ) in Hindu religion, although, this sign has been used on different religious occassions in several cultures & civilisation in the world. The word “SWASTIK” originates from two words of Sanskrit language. ‘Su’ and ‘As’ of which literal meaning is “good omen”. In fact, this sign is the indicative of prosperity good luck and welfare.
    
Several facts as well as relevant details regarding importance of Swastik have been described as Vedas and Puranas. It has been considered as Ultimate Truth (The Lord) in these famous Hindu relgious texts. In Rigvedas. Swastik has been descripted as Lord Sun God which is the supreme and most powerful. Its four arms expresses about release of energy from it all around.
    
In Puranas Swastik has been said as Sudarshan Chakra of Lord Vishnu. However at one place it has also been described that origin of Swastik is the navel of Lord Vishnu. Lord Brahama has composed it alongwith all the four Vedas and the whole universe with his four month and four hands sitting on the Lotus flower rising from his navel.
    
Attempts have been made to give social importance to Swastiks also. It’s all the four arms have been symbolised as four varnas, four ashramas, four purushartha etc.

ARM

VARNA

ASHRAM

PURUSHARTHA

First Arm

Brahaman

Brahamacharya

Dharma

Second Arm

Kshatriay

Grihasta

Artha

Third Arm

Vaishya

Vanprastha

Kama

Fourth Arm

Shudra

Sanyas

Moksh

    
Swastik, infact is the sign of good omen all around. In the Amarkosha Gupta age text, it has been written that Swastik sign was coined with the feelings that prosperity should come to every people in every direction. According to Hindu belief, Swastik sign is lucky or good only when it is created in the direction clock wise.
    
All the four arm of it has separate symbolic significance vertical arm indicates possitiveness and progress while left arm marks increasing holy power likewise lower arms marks patience which controlls knowledge and activity of a person, Right side arm is considered as an index of development with truthfullness and loyality where as inverted Swastik sign is considered as indicative of darkness, and innocency.
    
Swastik sign is one of the oldest symbol of human civilisation. This symbolic sign has been obtained from different part of the worlds during archeological excavation.
    
In India people of indus valley civilisation were using it. Seals with Symbolic sign, Swastik have been obtained from Lothal and Harrappa.
    
There is a mantra devoted to Swastik in Regveda, also. It is considered as magically good omen and it is recited on the occassion of every holy work and is called Swastik Vachana.
     Swasti na Indro Virdhashrava Swasti Na Pusa Vishwa Veda I
     Swasti hastakshryo aristhanemi Swasti no Brishapatidadhatu II
    
Swastik symbol is considerably popular in business comunity. it is considered at sign of Lord Ganesha there as a custum to draw two large lines which are considred as the sign of two wires of Lord Ganesha – Ridhi and Sidhi. Some times Shubh and Labh is also written and are considered to sons of Lord Ganesha.
    
Swastik mark is considered very much significant from the view of Vashtu Shastra. The house in which if there is a Vashtudosh then to get relief from it he should make Swastik sign from neem wood and should be kept in Ishan Kon of the house. Swastik Vashan also should be recited on this occassion.
    
Many of the scholars believe that of there is a problem related with either heath or economy in a house then it can be cured with the use of Swastik sign for this Swastik mark be made with Roli and Haldi on each of the doors and also Swastik Vachan be recited.
    
Description has been made in Yoga Shastra of Patanjali that one should alwlays recite Swati Vachan before starting any work and due to its impact work is completed without any obstacle. But it is not possible for every body so Swsstik Mark is made before start of any work, only.
    
Swastik sign was very much popular during Second World War years. Hitler had used as the symbol of his political party Nazi. He had belived that it is the mark of pure and holy work. He had started the use of it is symbol in the flag of his Nazi party since 1920. he has described about it in his autobiography – My struggle (Mein Kampts) although he used this symbol in digonal shape.
    
Hindus are using modern days even in fashion beside its use in art, religion and social custum and traditons. Even followers of Buddhism and Janism also used it respectfully and considered it one of the mark of Asthamangal. In Jain religion Swastik is considered as the symbol of 7th thrithankar, Su parshavanath. They make a sign of Swastik for offering foods to the idols and made it with rice.
    
Indeed it has been said about atharvaveda on bhasya. That the absolute knowledge of atharveda fullfills all kinds of purushartha.
    
Atharveda is very significant from social and cultural view. the oldest proof use of word slave is found in it beside mention of sacred thread ceremony (upnayan sanskar). the word gotra and Sangathan were mention in it for the first time.
    
This Veda also provides information about movement of aryans towards east in detail probably aryans had recided in the valley of ganga vriver by this time. For the first time the regions like any and Magadh were described in atharveda.
    
Several commentries have been written on atharvaveda for first time acharya Sayan wrote a commentry on it in 14th century and on this basis several literature were published. In the last year of 19th century griffith had published it in english in two parts. Ludewish is credited for publishing it in german language.
    
Gopath Brahaman is the only Brahaman associated with atharveda which is smallest of all Brahamanas three vedic upnishads – Manduk, Prashan and Mandukya are associated with atharvaveda.