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Jain Tirth Shikharji, Shikharji Yatra

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Jain Tirth Shikharji, Shikharji Yatra

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Sametshikhar - Introduction

Introduction

Image: 
Introduction: 
   
Sammetshikhar considered as sacred as Jerusalem for Jains is situated in the Giridih district of Jharkhand. This mountain is also known as Parasnath Hill after the 23rd Tirthankar, Lord Parshwanath.
    
Followers of the Shwetambar sect call it Sammetshikhar while those of the Digambar sect refer to it as Sammedshikhar. According to common belief, 19 of the 24 Tirthankars attained nirvan on this hill.
    
Samadhi sites known as 'toonk' of the 24 Tirthankars and many Jain saints, including 10 Ganadhars, are situated on Sammetshikhar. Percy Brown calls it the Temple City due to the presence of a large number of temples here.
    
The ascent to Sammetshikhar begins from the town Madhuvan. It is believed that the trees here yielded a lot of honey.
    
This place is also a centre of faith for the Santhals, the largest tribal group in Jharkhand.
    
Parasnath Hill is considered as the tallest peak of southern Himalaya with a height of 4450 feet.
 

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Mythological Beliefs

Mythological Beliefs: 
   
According to noted Jain saint Dhyanatriji, one who visits Sammetshikhar even once, neither takes a rebirth as any other life form nor goes through the sufferings of hell.
    
  This place was a favourite of Lord Parshwanath who is the most popular among the Jain followers. His last days were also spent on this mountain range.
    
According to the beliefs among Jains, the best place on earth for the nirvan of the followers of Jainism and the saints is Sammetshikhar as a death here results in moksh (salvation).
   
The local Santhal tribals refer to the entire mountain as Marangburu which is their mountain God and only after seeking permission from him, they organise their tribal meets and religious hunting.
    
It is believed that each and every particle above the Gandharv-naala is sacred and virtuous and destroys the sins of all the visiting devotees in just a moment.
 

Historical Facts

History: 
   
According to historians, Lord Parshwanath existed about 250 years before Lord Mahavir which implies that the religious significance of Sammetshikhar has been in existence since over 3000 years.
   
The first literary description of the place appears in the Parshwanath Charitra of Kalpasutra, a composition by Bhadrabahu who is considered as the sixth 'ther' of the Jain faith. Bhadrabahu incidentally was the teacher of Chandragupt Maurya.
   
Regular construction and renovation work has been carried out in the temples over here. The Sanskrit inscriptions found here suggest that they were kept here in 1678 A.D.
   
Most of the toonks here have been built in 1768 A.D. of which the important ones are Kunthunath, Mallinath, Shreyansnath, Vasupujya Swami, Abhinandan-nath etc.
   
The largest renovation over here was carried out from 1868 to 1876 A.D. During this period, the temples of Aadinath, Vasupujya Swami,Neminath, Mahavir etc. were renovated.
   
Some more construction took place from 1955 to 1960 A.D. As a result, Sammetshikhar not only developed into a more attractive site but the journey to it was also made convenient.
 

Main Places To See

Main Places To See: 
   
Sammetshikhar:
 
This can be reached from both, the northern as well as the southern side. The northern route is 13 km long from Madhuvan while the one from south is 10 km from Isri Bazar. There are over two and a half dozen toonks of various Tirthankars and saints on the mountain.
    
Meghadambar:
 
It is also known as Mokshnagari and is Lord Parshwanath's toonk which is the highest in terms of location. The temple here has the foot prints of Purupadaniyan Parshwanath.
    
Madhuvan:
 
This is a small town which is the base site for the pilgrimage of Sammetshikhar. There are many places worth visiting, like:
 
Shwetambar Kothi: Here is installed the idol of Bhomiaji, the protector deity of the pilgrimage. There are 11 other temples over here.
Digambar Jain Teerth Panth Kothi: Temples of the 24 Tirthankars and a 25 feet tall idol of Bahubali can be seen here.
Kachhi Bhavan: There are 52 temples built here.
Jain Museum: A huge collection of Jain idols, literature and pictures can be seen here.
 

Main Festivals

Main Festivals: 
   
Kartik Poornima (November):
 
Followers of the Jain faith visit several temples for 'pat-darshan'. The festival is celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm.
   
Parshwanath Jayanti:
 
Sammetshikhar is dedicated to Lord Parshwanath and here he is worshipped in the form of Shyamali Parshwanath.
   
Diwali:
 
It is celebrated on Kartik Amavasya (November) as the festival of the nirvan of Lord Mahavir. On this occasion, all the temples in Sammetshikhar are decorated with lamps.
   
Vaishakh Poornima (April-May):
 
This is particularly celebrated by the local Santhal tribe as a mark of respect to their God, Marangburu. On this occasion, a huge annual fair is held and a 3-day religious hunting festival is also celebrated.
 

Where To Stay

Where To Stay : 
   
 
Hotels :
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Sushant International Hotel
 Address
 Near Railway Station, Dhanbad, Jharkhand
 Telephone
 +91 - 326 - 2201655
   
 
 Category
 General
 Name
 Black Rock Hotel
 Address
 Bank Mod, Dhanbad-826001 Jharkhand
 Telephone
 +91 - 326 - 2302171
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Seventeen Degrees Hotel
 Address
 Shriram Mall, Ashok Nagar, Dhanbad-828106, Jharkhand
 Telephone
 +91 - 326 - 2303869
 Web Site
   
 
 Category
 Medium
 Name
 Skylark Hotel
 Address
 Bank Mod, Dhanbad-826001, Jharkhand
 Telephone
 +91 - 326 - 2305121
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 New Diamond Hotel
 Address
 Bokar Steel City, Dist. Bokaro-827001 Jharkhand
 Telephone
 +91 - 6542 - 240199
   
 
 Category
 High
 Name
 Limca Hotel
 Address
 Sector-1, Near Ram Temple, Dist. Bokaro- 827001, Jharkhan
 Telephone
 +91 - 6542 - 240896
 

Location/Climate

Location/Climate: 
 
Location
 
 Geographical  Location  Height  Above  Sea Level  Average Annual Rainfall
 Latitude  Longitude  4450 feet  893 mm
 23.9° N  86.3° E
   
 
Temperature

Temperature is given in degrees Celsius.

 
 Month  Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sep  Oct   Nov    Dec
 Maximum 
20
27
35
39
41
37
35
33
33
32
39
25
 Minimum
9
11
17
23
27
26
26
26
25
20
13
11
   
 
Important Information
Sammetshikhar is situated in the Girdih Hills which is considered as the tallest peak of the southern part of the Himalayas. The locals call it the Parasnath Hill.
Being a hilly region, the climate is pleasant. Tourists visit here throughout the year except between May and August.
 

General Information

General Information: 
 
 STD Code
 06558
 Puja Timings  5.30 am. to 8.30 p.m.
 Police Assistance
 +91 - 65 32 - 222 777
 Ambulance /  Hospital
 Sardar Hospital, Giridih, Sonari
 Jamshedpur - 831 011,  Jharkhand,
 Tel. : +91 - 657 - 3091458
 Sahyog Hospital, Boro, Giridih, Jharkhand,
 Tel. : +91 - 65 32 - 224 055, 94313 35368
 Currency  Exchange
 Punjab National Bank, Bhorandih,
 Giridih - 815 301,  Jharkhand
 ATM Centre  State Bank of India, Giridih Bazar, Jharkhand
 United Bank of India, Branch Giridih, Post Box No.8,  Giridih, Jharkhand
 Post Office
 Tel. : +91 - 65 32 - 222 270
 Tourist Office
 Tourist Information Centre, Patna Junction, Patna,
 Tel. : +91 - 612 - 2221093
 Tourist Information Centre, Gaya Railway Station,  
 Gaya - 823001,Tel. : +91 - 631 - 2420155
 

Travel Planner

Address (Click on "A" to locate): 
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Airports in the vicinity: 
Ranchi
Gaya
Railway: 
 Main Railway Stations  Station Code
 Ranchi  RNC
 Gaya  GAYA
 Jasidih  JSME
 Dhanwad  DHN
Road Distance from Destinations: 
 Sammetshikhar  Ranchi  160
 Gaya  168
 Jasidih  131
 Dhanwad  66